Pokémon type chart: strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness explained

Use this Pokémon type chart in Sword and Shield or Pokémon GO to ensure you deal super effective damage at all times.

Dynamax Raichu and Gyarados face off against each other

Knowing the Pokémon type chart in Sword and Shield is as essential as it ever has been. Whether you’re new to the series or want to double-check something in an important battle, we’ve got you covered. After all, memorising all 890 Pokémon’s weaknesses and resistances is nigh-impossible, so it’s always worth checking back to be sure your team is in good shape.

A Pokémon’s type dictates whether it is stronger or weaker against other Pokémon. If you’re at an advantage, you’ll deal super effective damage and if you’re weaker, you’ll do not very effective damage. In some situations, your attack could have no effect whatsoever, so it’s important to get to grips with the 18 Pokémon types to maximise your damage output, whether in casual play or in Pokémon Sword and Shield ranked matches.

The easiest way to begin is with the three starting types. Pokémon Sword and Shield offer Scorbunny, Grookey, and Sobble to start your adventure; Fire, Grass, and Water-types respectively. Fire is super effective on Grass, Grass is super effective on Water, and Water is super effective on Fire. Scorbunny beats Grookey, Grookey beats Sobble, and Sobble beats Scorbunny. It's just the Pokémon version of the circle of life.

While the Pokémon type chart has remained virtually the same for a few years now , some of the Pokémon world’s spin off games do things differently. Pokémon GO, for example, bends the rules ever so slightly when it comes to type strengths and weaknesses.

We’ll get onto Pokémon GO later, but for now, let’s look at the classic Pokémon type chart from the main series games.

Pokémon type chart in Sword and Shield

Super-effective attacks – that’s attacks against types you’re strong against – deal 2x damage in the main series games, while not-very-effective attacks  – against types you’re weak against – deal a paltry 0.5x damage.

Some attacks are labelled “no effect” and have, predictably, no effect on opposing Pokémon. On the other hand, if you happen to be hitting a dual-type Pokémon that is doubly weak to your attack, you’ll deal a devastating 4x damage.

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This type chart is accurate for all current main series Pokémon games, including Pokémon Sword and Shield and both the Isle of Armor and Crown Tundra DLC. The first two columns dictate how effective Pokémon of that type are when attacking, and the last two columns show how strong it is defensively.

Type Strong against Weak against Resistant to Weak to
Normal  – Rock, Steel, Ghost (no effect) Ghost (no effect) Fighting
Fighting Normal, Rock, Steel, Ice, Dark Flying, Poison, Bug, Psychic, Fairy, Ghost (no effect) Rock, Bug, Dark Flying, Psychic, Fairy
Flying Fighting, Bug, Grass Rock, Steel, Electric Fighting, Bug, Grass, Ground (no effect) Rock, Electric, Ice
Poison Grass, Fairy Poison, Ground, Rock, Ghost, Steel (no effect) Fighting, Poison, Grass, Fairy Ground, Psychic
Ground Poison, Rock, Steel, Fire, Electric Bug, Grass, Flying (no effect) Poison, Rock, Electric (no effect) Water, Grass, Ice
Rock Flying, Bug, Fire, Ice Fighting, Ground, Steel Normal, Flying, Poison, Fire Fighting, Ground, Steel, Water, Grass
Bug Grass, Psychic, Dark Fighting, Flying, Poison, Ghost, Steel, Fire, Fairy Fighting, Ground, Grass Flying, Rock, Fire
Ghost Ghost, Psychic Normal (no effect), Dark Poison, Bug, Normal (no effect), Fighting (no effect) Ghost, Dark
Steel Rock, Ice, Fairy Steel, Fire, Water, Electric Normal, Flying, Rock, Bug, Steel, Grass, Psychic, Ice, Dragon, Fairy, Poison (no effect) Fighting, Ground, Fire
Fire Bug, Steel, Grass, Ice Rock, Fire, Water, Dragon Bug, Steel, Fire, Grass, Ice Ground, Rock, Water
Water Ground, Rock, Fire Water, Grass, Dragon Steel, Fire, Water, Ice Grass, Electric
Grass Ground, Rock, Water Flying, Poison, Bug, Steel, Fire, Grass, Dragon Ground, Water, Grass, Electric Flying, Poison, Bug, Fire, Ice
Electric Flying, Water Grass, Electric, Dragon, Ground (no effect) Flying, Steel, Electric Ground
Psychic Fighting, Poison Steel, Psychic, Dark (no effect) Fighting, Psychic Bug, Ghost, Dark
Ice Flying, Ground, Grass, Dragon Steel, Fire, Water, Ice Ice Fighting, Rock, Steel, Fire
Dragon Dragon Steel, Fairy (no effect) Fire, Water, Grass, Electric Ice, Dragon, Fairy
Dark Ghost, Psychic Fighting, Dark, Fairy Ghost, Dark, Psychic (no effect) Fighting, Bug, Fairy
Fairy Fighting, Dragon, Dark Poison, Steel, Fire Fighting, Bug, Dark, Dragon (no effect) Poison, Steel

Another thing to note is Same-Type Attack Bonus, or STAB. This affects Pokémon that attack with a move the same type as them, giving it a 1.5x damage boost that stacks with any super effective boosts. So, try to use super effective moves that match your Pokémon’s type to deal the most damage!

A trainer throws a pokeball towards the camera excitedly.

Pokémon GO type chart

The Pokémon GO type chart is largely similar to the main series one, but with some slight differences:

  • Super effective moves do 1.6x damage rather than 2x
  • Not very effective moves do 0.625x damage rather than 0.5x
  • If a Pokémon would usually be immune to a certain of damage (for instance, a Ghost-type being hit with a Normal move), it will instead do 0.39x damage. This is also true if a move would also be super effective, so Charizard would only take 0.39x damage from the ground type move Earthquake because it is a flying type, despite also being a fire type
  • If a Pokémon is doubly weak to a move (for example, a Grass/Steel type Pokémon being hit with a Fire-type move), it will do 2.56x damage in Pokémon GO rather than 4x

Other than that, the Pokémon GO type chart remains the same as the main series chart above. So, whether you’re headed to do a raid or into Pokémon GO ranked battles in the GBL, remember to line up Pokémon that deal super effective damage.

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