Pokémon type chart: strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness explained

Use this Pokémon type chart in Scarlet and Violet, Legends Arceus, Sword and Shield, or Pokémon GO to ensure you deal super effective damage at all times

Pokemon type chart: A Talonflame engulfed in a ball of fire

Knowing the Pokémon type chart is one of the most important elements to becoming a top trainer. Whether you’re new to the series or want to double-check something in an important battle, we’ve got you covered.

After all, memorising more than 900 Pokémon’s weaknesses and resistances is nigh-impossible, so it’s always worth checking back to be sure your team is in good shape.

Whether you are piloting one of the best Pokémon in Pokémon GO, taking on Alpha Pokémon in Legends Arceus, or curious about some of the type matchups for the best Pokémon Scarlet and best Pokémon Violet ‘mons, knowing the Pokémon type chart is one of the biggest factors in winning or losing.

A Pokémon’s type dictates whether it is stronger or weaker against other Pokémon. If you’re at an advantage, you’ll deal super effective damage and if you’re weaker, you’ll do not very effective damage. In some situations, your attack could have no effect whatsoever, so it’s important to get to grips with the 18 Pokémon types to maximise your damage output.

The easiest way to begin is with the three starting types you encounter in every main Pokémon game: Fire, Grass, and Water. Fire is super effective on Grass, Grass is super effective on Water, and Water is super effective on Fire. So in the case of Scarlet and Violet, Fuecoco beats Sprigatito, Sprigatito beats Quaxly, and Quaxly beats Fuecoco. It’s just the Pokémon version of the circle of life.

While the Pokémon type chart has remained virtually the same for a few years now, some of the Pokémon world’s spin off games do things differently. Pokémon GO, for example, bends the rules ever so slightly when it comes to type strengths and weaknesses.

We’ll get onto Pokémon GO later, but for now, let’s look at the classic Pokémon type chart from the main series games.

Pokémon type chart

These are the general rules of the Pokémon type chart in main series games such as Scarlet and Violet. Super-effective attacks – these are attacks against types you’re strong against – deal 2x damage, while not-very-effective attacks  – against types you’re weak against – deal a paltry 0.5x damage.

Some attacks are labelled “no effect” and have, predictably, no effect on opposing Pokémon. On the other hand, if you happen to be hitting a dual-type Pokémon that is doubly weak to your attack, you’ll deal a devastating 4x damage.

This type chart is accurate for all current main series Pokémon games, including Pokémon Scarlet and Violet and Legends Arceus.

The first two columns dictate how effective Pokémon of that type are when attacking, and the last two columns show how strong it is defensively.

Type Strong against Weak against Resistant to Weak to
Normal  – Rock, Steel, Ghost (no effect) Ghost (no effect) Fighting
Fighting Normal, Rock, Steel, Ice, Dark Flying, Poison, Bug, Psychic, Fairy, Ghost (no effect) Rock, Bug, Dark Flying, Psychic, Fairy
Flying Fighting, Bug, Grass Rock, Steel, Electric Fighting, Bug, Grass, Ground (no effect) Rock, Electric, Ice
Poison Grass, Fairy Poison, Ground, Rock, Ghost, Steel (no effect) Fighting, Poison, Grass, Fairy Ground, Psychic
Ground Poison, Rock, Steel, Fire, Electric Bug, Grass, Flying (no effect) Poison, Rock, Electric (no effect) Water, Grass, Ice
Rock Flying, Bug, Fire, Ice Fighting, Ground, Steel Normal, Flying, Poison, Fire Fighting, Ground, Steel, Water, Grass
Bug Grass, Psychic, Dark Fighting, Flying, Poison, Ghost, Steel, Fire, Fairy Fighting, Ground, Grass Flying, Rock, Fire
Ghost Ghost, Psychic Normal (no effect), Dark Poison, Bug, Normal (no effect), Fighting (no effect) Ghost, Dark
Steel Rock, Ice, Fairy Steel, Fire, Water, Electric Normal, Flying, Rock, Bug, Steel, Grass, Psychic, Ice, Dragon, Fairy, Poison (no effect) Fighting, Ground, Fire
Fire Bug, Steel, Grass, Ice Rock, Fire, Water, Dragon Bug, Steel, Fire, Grass, Ice Ground, Rock, Water
Water Ground, Rock, Fire Water, Grass, Dragon Steel, Fire, Water, Ice Grass, Electric
Grass Ground, Rock, Water Flying, Poison, Bug, Steel, Fire, Grass, Dragon Ground, Water, Grass, Electric Flying, Poison, Bug, Fire, Ice
Electric Flying, Water Grass, Electric, Dragon, Ground (no effect) Flying, Steel, Electric Ground
Psychic Fighting, Poison Steel, Psychic, Dark (no effect) Fighting, Psychic Bug, Ghost, Dark
Ice Flying, Ground, Grass, Dragon Steel, Fire, Water, Ice Ice Fighting, Rock, Steel, Fire
Dragon Dragon Steel, Fairy (no effect) Fire, Water, Grass, Electric Ice, Dragon, Fairy
Dark Ghost, Psychic Fighting, Dark, Fairy Ghost, Dark, Psychic (no effect) Fighting, Bug, Fairy
Fairy Fighting, Dragon, Dark Poison, Steel, Fire Fighting, Bug, Dark, Dragon (no effect) Poison, Steel

Another thing to note is Same-Type Attack Bonus, or STAB. This affects Pokémon that attack with a move the same type as them, giving it a 1.5x damage boost that stacks with any super effective boosts. So, try to use super effective moves that match your Pokémon’s type to deal the most damage!

STAB is an even more important thing to consider in Scarlet and Violet, thanks to the new Terastalize mechanic which can change the typing of your Pokémon. For example, if you have a Pikachu with the Dragon Tera Type and decide to Terastalize it, it will switch from being an Electric-type to a Dragon-type. This means any Dragon moves it may know will now benefit from STAB, as well as its Electric moves.

A trainer throws a pokeball towards the camera excitedly.

Pokémon GO type chart

The Pokémon GO type chart is largely similar to the main series one, but with some slight differences:

  • Super effective moves do 1.6x damage rather than 2x
  • Not very effective moves do 0.625x damage rather than 0.5x
  • If a Pokémon would usually be immune to a certain of damage (for instance, a Ghost-type being hit with a Normal move), it will instead do 0.39x damage. This is also true if a move would also be super effective, so Charizard would only take 0.39x damage from the Ground-type move Earthquake because it is a Flying-type, despite also being a Fire-type
  • If a Pokémon is doubly weak to a move (for example, a Grass/Steel-type Pokémon being hit with a Fire-type move), it will do 2.56x damage in Pokémon GO rather than 4x

Other than that, the Pokémon GO type chart remains the same as the main series chart above. So, whether you’re headed to do a raid or diving into Pokémon GO ranked battles in the GBL, remember to line up Pokémon that deal super effective damage.